Throughout history some books have changed the world. They have transformed the way we see ourselves – and each other. They have inspired debate dissent war and revolution. They have enlightened outraged provoked and comforted. They have enriched lives – and destroyed them. Now Penguin brings you the works of the great thinkers pioneers radicals and visionaries whose ideas shook civilization and helped make us who we are. Perhaps the most widely read thinker of all time Confucius transformed Chinese philosophy with his belief that the greatest goal in life was pursuit of The Way’: a search for virtue not as a means to rewards in this world or the next but as the pinnacle of human existence.